Dev Ops with CMake


Introducing the Stratify Toolbox

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CMake is used for building software projects, but it has the power to do much more. When I first started using CMake, I was doing it all wrong. It wasn’t until I watched C++Now 2017: Daniel Pfeifer “Effective CMake” (yes, I watched for the entire hour and a half) did I start to truly understand how CMake could and should work. And since, I have expanded the use of CMake into a nearly complete Dev Ops chain.

CMake is Code

One of the most important points Daniel makes in the above video is that CMake is code. It should be clear, concise, easy-to-follow, and commented as needed.

CMake Super-Duper Project

If you watched the video, you will know that CMake supports a hierarchy of projects. You can use add_subdirectory() to add a dependency project to the build. The top project is known as the super project. When you take this to the extreme, it becomes a super-duper project.

The Stratify OS support package for the STM32H735G-DK development board takes this approach. Let’s take a look at how it uses CMake to 1) bootstrap the machine, 2) download the dependencies, 3) build the project and all its dependencies.

Bootstrapping the Machine

To bootstrap the STM32H735G-DK project, you need to have git and cmake installed on your machine. The bootstrap script installs the rest.

First, I want to mention why cmake is great for scripting.

  1. It saves users from installing another tool (like python) on their computer.
  2. It saves maintainers from needing to learn another tool.
  3. It runs on Windows, Mac, and Linux with great support for the native environments on each platform.

Our super project’s first task is to run a script that installs any tools needed. In this case, a command-line tool called sl (published by Stratify Labs) and an ARM GCC cross-compiler.

First, we clone the project:

git clone https://github.com/StratifyLabs/STM32H735G-DK
cd STM32H735G-DK

Now comes the cmake bootstrap script. To run the bootstrap script, we use the -P option with cmake. which tells cmake to run commands rather than create a build.

cmake -P bootstrap.cmake

The script:

  • Creates an SDK folder as a subdirectory
  • Clones another project from Github that contains a CMake library
  • Downloads sl using file(DOWNLOAD ...) See the file documentation.
  • Invokes sl with arguments to download and install the compiler while verifying the HASH checksum.
  • Creates cmake_arm as the build directory
  • Downloads a script to set the environment

If you run:

git clone https://github.com/StratifyLabs/STM32H735G-DK
cd STM32H735G-DK
cmake -P bootstrap.cmake
# At this point you will need to login using sl and your browser
# then run the script again to pick up where you left off
cmake -P bootstrap.cmake

When you are done, you will have a compiler installed at STM32H735G-DK/SDK/StratifyLabs-SDK. It doesn’t affect any system settings. You can just delete the folder to restore your computer to its previous state.

Building with CMake

Now to build, we set up the environment then use cmake to configure and build the project.

Using -GNinja is optional if you want to use ninja to build the project

source profile.sh
cd cmake_arm
cmake .. -GNinja
cmake --build . --target all

Restoring your Machine

To completely remove the project (as well as the dependencies and all the tools) run this in the folder where you ran the clone command:

rm -Rf ./STM32H735G-DK

The End

C++Now 2017: Daniel Pfeifer “Effective CMake” is a great summary on how to use cmake. Remember cmake is code. You can script with cmake using -P to do anything from cloning dependencies, creating a directory structure to downloading and installing tools. Finally, with add_subdirectory() you can build all the dependencies alongside the firmware binary.

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